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Health Bytes from Web
(http://www.jbtdrc.org/Health-Update/)
Aerobic exercise may help guard against dementia

According to a small study, aerobic exercise may strengthen memory and thinking skills in older adults with mild cognitive impairment (MCI). The study included 16 people, average age 63, who did aerobic workouts such as on a treadmill, stationary bike or elliptical training. They worked out four times a week for six months. There was also a control group of 19 people, average age 67, who did stretching exercises four times a week for six months but no aerobic activity. All of the participants had mild cognitive impairment. After six months, brain scans revealed that those in the aerobic exercise group had greater increases in brain volume than those in the stretching group. Those in the exercise group also showed significant improvement in thinking and memory after six months, while those in the stretching group did not, according to the researchers.

consumer.healthday.com, Nov 30, 2016

Tuberculosis virulence factor identified, may be target for new drug

Scientists have discovered the mechanism that hijacks the immune system's response to tuberculosis, revealing an important new drug target for the disease that kills more than 1 million people each year. When Mycobacterium tuberculosis enters a human cell, the presence of its DNA and a molecule that it makes called c-di-AMP alert the cell to the bacteria's presence. The human cell responds by creating a messenger molecule, cGAMP, which signals nearby cells to mount an immune response to kill the tuberculosis bacteria. But the tuberculosis bacterium has found a way to turn off the call for help. By producing a protein called cyclic dinucleotide phosphodiesterase (CdnP), the bacterium reduces the concentration of the cell's messenger molecule, cGAMP, a nucleic acid. This accentuates the effect of the human phosphodiesterase ENPP1, an enzyme that cleaves nucleic acids, to quickly degrade any already-made cGAMP and turn off the immune response early.

medscape.com, Dec 14, 2016

Yoga called good medicine for high blood pressure

According to a new study, yoga may help reduce blood pressure in people who are at risk for developing hypertension. The new study included 60 people who had slightly elevated blood pressure but were otherwise healthy. The participants were randomly assigned to either practice hatha yoga while also making conventional lifestyle changes, or to just make the lifestyle changes (the "control" group). The lifestyle changes included moderate aerobic exercise, eating a healthier diet and quitting smoking. The yoga group, average age 56, received yoga instruction for a month and then did the activities such as stretching, controlled breathing and meditation at home. After three months, those in the yoga group had notable decreases in blood pressure, while those in the control group did not, the investigators found.

consumer.healthday.com, Dec 8, 2016

Health Tip: Meditating at bedtime

The National Sleep Foundation suggests few meditation techniques at bedtime for good sleep: (1) consider mindfulness meditation, in which you focus solely on nearby sounds and sensations; (2) try concentration meditation, in which you focus on one thing. You can choose an object such as a candle flame while repeating a simple mantra; (3) perform guided meditation, in which your thoughts follow the guidance of an instructor. You may be asked to focus on relaxing muscles throughout your body, or imagining a peaceful, relaxing scene.

consumer.healthday.com, Aug 3, 2016

New research centre aims to study integration of Traditional Chinese Medicine with western medicine

A new research centre to study how Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) could be used to treat some of the world’s deadliest diseases is being launched in Beijing today. The Global Institute of Traditional Medicine is an international research collaboration between the University of Adelaide in South Australia and a number of leading Chinese universities specialising in traditional medicine research. The Institute’s overall aim is to study the potential integration of Traditional Chinese Medicine with western medicine and discover new treatments.

www.news-medical.net, Dec 9, 2016

Five yoga poses for a healthy body and mind

Yoga is something India is proud to pass on to the West (now world), and they have embraced it with all the vigour. Yoga poses and practices help to improve stamina, strength, flexibility and also mental wellbeing. Following are five yoga techniques / poses for health body and mind. (1) Practice 'OM Mantra' daily for five minutes and then increase it from 20 to 25 minutes. The practice cures high blood pressure, tension, migraine, constipation, gastric problems, indigestion, heart (attack) ailments etc; (2) Practice 'Bajrasana' everyday after meal for minimum of 5 minutes and by doing this asana gastric problem are kept at bay; (3) Practice 'Dhanurasana' daily which improves digestion by stimulating gastric secretions; (4) Practicing 'Nadi Shodhana Pranayama' daily nourished the whole body by an extra supply of oxygen, carbon dioxide is efficiently expelled and blood is purified of toxins; (5) At last do 'Shavasana ' for relaxing your whole body & mind.

indianexpress.com, Jun 16, 2015

Global efforts to combat tb epidemic falling short

Countries around the world need to work harder to combat tuberculosis infections and deaths, a new World Health Organization report says. Nations across the globe have pledged to reduce tuberculosis (TB) infections by 80 percent and TB deaths by 90 percent by 2030, but they must work faster if they want to meet these goals, according to the WHO. The global response to the TB epidemic did manage to save more than 3 million lives last year, the WHO report revealed. But new data collected from India suggests estimates about the total burden of the disease were too low. In 2015, an estimated 10.4 million people were newly diagnosed with TB. Of these people, 60 percent were from India. The WHO report suggests that disparities exist in many countries, which may prevent people with the infection from gaining access to cost-effective diagnosis and treatments.

consumer.healthday.com, Oct 13, 2016

Drug-Resistant germs thrive in America's corroding water systems

The thousands of miles of aging, corroding pipes that bring water to Americans each day may be home to dangerous drug-resistant bacteria, a new report warns. These harmful bacteria include legionella, which causes Legionnaires' disease; pseudomonas, which can trigger pneumonia; and mycobacteria, which can cause tuberculosis and other illnesses, the researchers said. Many of the bacteria that triggered these cases may already be resistant to one or more antibiotics, as was seen in 1 percent to 2 percent of hospitalizations. Not only are antibiotic-resistant bacteria much more dangerous for patients, but treating such cases boosts costs by 10 percent to 40 percent.

consumer.healthday.com, Sep 23, 2016

Consuming handful of nuts everyday can keep major ailments away

A recent analysis of all current studies on nut consumption and disease risk has revealed that people who eat at least 20g of nuts a day have a lower risk of heart ailment, cancer and other diseases. An average of at least 20g of nut consumption was also associated with a reduced risk of dying from respiratory disease by about a half and diabetes by nearly 40 percent, although the researchers noted that there is less data about these diseases in relation to nut consumption. The study included all kinds of tree nuts, such as hazel nuts and walnuts, and also peanuts - which are actually legumes.

www.newkerala.com, Dec 5, 2016

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