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Encephalitis
Encephalitis is an acute inflammation of the brain. There are many infectious and non-infectious causes of encephalitis. It can be caused by a bacterial infection such as bacterial meningitis spreading directly to the brain (primary encephalitis), or may be a complication of a current infectious disease like rabies or syphilis (secondary encephalitis). Certain parasitic or protozoal infestations, such as toxoplasmosis, malaria, or primary amoebic meningoencephalitis, can also cause encephalitis in people with compromised immune systems. Lyme disease may also cause encephalitis. Bartonella henselae can also lead to this. Brain damage occurs as the inflamed brain pushes against the skull, and can lead to death. Most cases of encephalitis are mild and self-limited in healthy people. Encephalitis can, however, sometimes lead to severe disease, disability, and death.


 
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