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Leptospirosis
Leptospirosis is a bacterial zoonotic disease caused by spirochetes of the genus Leptospira. It was first described by Adolf Weil in 1886 when he reported an "acute infectious disease with enlargement of spleen, jaundice and nephritis". Leptospirosis has emerged as the great monsoon worry since 2002. After the unprecedented floods of July 2005 at Mumbai, a leptospirosis outbreak claimed over a hundred lives and set the civic health department on a revamp drive. Approximately 5-50% of severe leptospirosis cases are fatal; however, such cases only constitute about 10% of all registered incidents.


 
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